The effects of ultrasound parameters and microbubble concentration on acoustic particle palpation
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KünyeSaharkhiz, N., Koruk, H,. Choi, J.J. ( August 17, 2018 ) The Effects of Ultrasound Parameters and Microbubble Concentration on Acoustic Particle Palpation, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 144(2), pp.796-805. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5050524
The elasticity of tissue—an indicator of disease progression—can be imaged by ultrasound elasticity imaging technologies. An acoustic particle palpation (APP) has recently been developed—the use of ultrasonically driven acoustic particles (e.g., microbubbles)—as an alternative method of tissue deformation. APP has the potential to improve the resolution, contrast, and depth of ultrasound elasticity imaging; but the tissue displacement dynamics and its dependence on acoustic pressure, center frequency, and microbubble concentration remains unknown. Here, displacements of at least 1 μm were produced by applying ultrasound onto a microbubble solution (concentration: 10 × 106 microbubbles ml–1) placed within a tunnel surrounded by a 5% gelatin phantom. Displacements of more than 10 μm were produced using a 1, 3.5, or 5 MHz center frequency pulse with peak-rarefactional pressures of 470, 785, and 1210 kPa, respectively. The deformation of the distal wall varied spatially and temporally according to the different parameters investigated. At low pressures, the deformation increased over several milliseconds until it was held at a nearly constant value. At high pressures, a large deformation occurred within a millisecond followed by a sharp decrease and long stabilization. Ultrasound exposure in the presence of microbubbles produced tissue deformation (p < 0.05) while without microbubbles, no deformation was observed.