Financial Iinnovation-crowdfunding: friend or foe?
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KünyeSon-Turan, S. (2015). Financial Innovation-Crowdfunding: Friend or Foe?. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 195, 353-362.
A phenomenon with a considerable past, and with new conspicuous investment models and financial products and servicesproliferated through the Internet; financial innovation seems to be almost ubiquitous these days. While there are numerousadvantages, especially nowadays through the exploitation of easily accessible, low cost and convenient e-commerce platforms,innovation in the finance sector does not come without its perils. Banks and traditional financial institutions are losing chunks ofmarket share to virtual intermediaries and investors are operating in relatively less regulated and, consequently, less secureenvironments. Furthermore, from the perspective of all stakeholders, there is a Knightian uncertainty component of the long-termramifications in investing in and through newly developed products and platforms. As such, it is only recently that economichistory witnessed the outbreak of the sub-prime mortgage crisis caused by the unraveling of a chain of events interlinked throughthe imprudent use of “innovative” derivative transactions involving credit default swaps backed by the insatiable appetite of the“irrationally exuberant” investor and the easement of regulation paving the leeway for predatory lending. This paper investigateswhether and to what extent innovative investment models such as crowdfunding, as the game-changer, forcing the tightlyregulated securities markets to adapt to the rules of the WEB 3.0 era and relieved through the provision, Title III, of the JOBSAct, could be a potential peril. To that end, it discusses the evolution of the equity crowdfunding model in the realm of thetechnology push - demand pull framework and analyzes the current situation of the market.