Rom traditional to new instruments: the role of public diplomacy in conflict prevention
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CitationGüleç, C. From Traditional To New Instruments: The Role of Public Diplomacy in Conflict Prevention”, Uludağ Üniversitesi X. Uluslararası İlişkiler Konferansı, Bursa (8-10 Ekim 2018).
There has been an increase in the number and activity of global actors who are not states; the information revolution has changed the diplomacy field as well as information gathering is concerned; and diplomacy now involves many more participants who are experts in matters other than diplomacy, and hold their positions outside foreign ministries. Public diplomacy is about building relationships that comprises understanding the needs of other countries, cultures and peoples, communicating the points of view and correcting misperceptions. This paper highlights the role and importance of public diplomacy for conflict prevention in international arena. Diplomacy is always based on dialogue, usually between two countries, and dialogue is a crucial element of success as a mean for resolving conflict. Whether the conflict has a historical dimension or is the result of current circumstances, it is important to bring the sides together. When governments do not want or cannot engage in dialogue, it is important to involve parties from the non-government sector. Although in itself will not be the sole solution for peace between the countries, public diplomacy can implement programs to strengthen mutual trust, both within countries with a high degree of risk and in areas with conflict potential. Accordingly, after definition of diplomacy in a general framework, the evolution and role of public diplomacy mechanisms in conflict prevention will be elaborated in this paper.