PCN62 - Assessing the economic burden and health care resource utilizations of us medica re patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms
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CitationXie, L., Keshishian, A., Du, J.& Baser, O.(2015). Assessing The Economic Burden And Health Care Resource Utilizations Of Us Medica Re Patients With Myeloproliferative Neoplasms.Value in Health. 18, 3. p.200.
OBJECTIVES: To examine the economic burden and health care resource utilization of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) in the U.S. Medicare population. METHODS: A retrospective data analysis was performed using the U.S.national Medicare claims from January 2008 through December 2012. MPN patientswere identified using International Classification of Disease 9th Revision ClinicalModification (ICD-9-CM) diagnosis codes 238.4, 238.71, 238.76 and 289.83. The diagnosis date was designated as the index date. A comparison cohort without a MPNdiagnosis was created for patients of the same age, region, gender, index year andbaseline Charlson Comorbidity Index score. A random index date was chosen forthe comparison cohort to reduce selection bias. Patients were required to havecontinuous medical and pharmacy benefits 1 year pre- and post-index date. Oneto-one propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to compare follow-uphealth care costs and utilizations between the cohorts, adjusting for demographicand clinical characteristics. RESULTS: Eligible patients (N=17,950) were identifiedfor the MPN and comparison cohorts. After 1:1 PSM, a total of 5,546 patients werematched from each cohort and baseline characteristics were well-balanced. MPNpatients had a higher percentage of health care resource utilizations, includingMedicare carrier (98.6% vs. 65.9%), Durable Medical Equipment (DME; 29.5% vs.14.4%), Home Health Agency (HHA; 12.4% vs. 5.0%), outpatient visits (76.6% vs.37.4%), inpatient hospitalizations (27.2% vs. 6.8%) and Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF;7.5% vs. 2.0%) visits than non-MPN patients. Patients diagnosed with MPNs alsoincurred significantly higher costs, including Medicare carrier ($3,872 vs. $1,283),DME ($266 vs. $91), HHA ($639 vs. $250), outpatient ($10,061 vs. $3,204), inpatient($5,449 vs. $1,054), pharmacy ($1,069 vs. $713) and total health care costs ($23,060vs. $7,076; p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: MPN patients had a higher burden of illnesscompared to non-MPN patients.