Creative and Critical Thinking Skills in Problem-based Learning Environments
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Creative and critical thinking skills are the abilities, which can sometimes be used interchangeably in definition. In fact, they have different constructs because they differentiate in outcome of human behaviours. Also one of today’s requirementsis that individuals should approach everyday problems by using bothcompetences. So, one of the helpful tool for development of creativity and critical thinking skills proposed is problem-based learning environments in classrooms.In this study, problem based approach including philosophy; generalcharacteristics of it, role of teachers and students in problem-based learningenvironment, and its uniqueness over other learning approaches is explained byconsidering advantages and limitations. Then, problem-based learning isdiscussed with regard to instructional design perspective in a scientific manner.Finally, the study is aimed to explain when PBL grounded in development ofinstructional strategy as a fruitful approach; instructional strategies, methods and techniques are differentiated in creativity and critical thinking skills.