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CitationTopcu, S, Kibaroglu, A., & Kadirbeyoglu, Z. (April 14, 2019). Turkey, in Irrigation in the Mediterranean: Technologies, Institutions and Policies, (eds) Francois Molle , Carles Sanchis-Ibor, Llorenc Avella-Reus,Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
This chapter reviews irrigation development and policy with specific references to the main water- and land-based regional socioeconomic development projects in Turkey. It analyzes the expansion of irrigation investments as well as institutional and technological changes in irrigation policy and development in parallel with policies of liberalization and decentralization in the late 1980s. The chapter also discusses institutional changes in the management of the irrigation systems as a result of (partial) transfer of management of large-scale irrigation systems to a variety of water user organizations. Finally it describes current technological and institutional problems and the further challenges to the irrigation sector such as infrastructure deterioration, risks of drought, environmental and ecological system degradation, and insufficient investment. Noteworthy is the concerted effort to equip the new irrigation schemes with modern technologies such as closed pipes for conveying the water instead of open channels and water-saving micro-irrigation ??????methods rather than surface irrigation techniques.
SourceIrrigation in the Mediterranean : Technologies, Institutions and Policies