Population density index and its use for distribution of Covid-19: A case study using Turkish data
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CitationBaser, O. (October 13, 2020). Population density index and its use for distribution of Covid-19: A case study using Turkish data. Health Policy. pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2020.10.003
Since March 2020, many countries around the world have been experiencing a large outbreak of a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Because there is a higher rate of contact between humans in cities with higher population weighted densities, Covid-19 spreads faster in these areas. In this study, we examined the relationship between population weighted density and the spread of Covid-19. Using data from Turkey, we calculated the elasticity of Covid-19 spread with respect to population weighted density to be 0.67 after controlling for other factors. In addition to the density, the proportion of people over 65, the per capita GDP, and the number of total health care workers in each city positively contributed to the case numbers, while education level and temperature had a negative effect. We suggested a policy measure on how to transfer health care workers from different areas to the areas with a possibility of wide spread.