Demographic distribution and health care burden of patients diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis in the us medicare population
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CitationMao, X., Li, L., Shrestha, S., Yuce, H., & Wang, L. (2015). Demographic distribution and health care burden of patients diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis in the us medicare population. 18, 3, p. 296
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the demographic distribution and health care burdenof patients diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) using Medicare fee-forservice (FFS) data. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed using the100% Medicare FFS Datasets from October 1, 2008 through December 31, 2012.Patients diagnosed with AS were identified using International Classification ofDiseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis code 720.0, and the firstdiagnosis date was designated as the index date. All patients were required tohave continuous medical and pharmacy benefits 1-year pre- (baseline period)and post-index date (follow-up period). Health care resource utilization and costsduring the baseline and follow-up periods were calculated. RESULTS: A total of8,990 AS patients were included in the study. The average age at diagnosis was 75years. Nearly 88.7% of patients were white, 62.97% were women and many residedin the South U.S. region (40.33%). The most common baseline comorbidities werechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (33.20%), diabetes (30.50%), cerebrovasculardisease (22.65%) and congestive heart failure (18.85%). During the follow-up period,73.04% of patients had inpatient admissions, 52.31% had emergency room visits,91.43% had outpatient office visits, 91.43% had outpatient visits and 57.67% hadpharmacy visits, resulting in average costs of, $37,077, $298, $5,397, $5,695 and$6,668, respectively. The average total costs were $49,440 during the follow-upperiod. The four most frequently prescribed medications for AS were prednisonehydrocodone (3.59%), bit/acetaminophen (3.17%), methotrexate sodium (2.79%)and levothyroxine sodium (2.42%). CONCLUSIONS: AS patient demographic andclinical characteristics in the Medicare population were assessed. Study patientswere often diagnosed with comorbid conditions, and had high health care utilization and costs.