EAF ladle steel slag as a geo-material: compaction and shear strength characteristics
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CitationYildirim, I.Z. & Prezzi, M.(2018). EAF Ladle Steel Slag as a Geo-Material: Compaction and Shear Strength Characteristics. Conference: International Foundations Congress and Equipment Expo (IFCEE) Location: Orlando, 1024 p.113-122.
The numerous issues associated with the excess steel slag that is disposed of in landfills every year can be reduced by using it as a geo-material. This paper provides the results of laboratory tests (i.e., sieve, hydrometer, specific gravity, compaction, compaction-particle degradation, and large-scale direct shear with a box size of 30.5 x 30.5 x 20 cm) performed on electric-arc-furnace ladle [EAF(L)] steel slag from a mini-mill in Indiana. Based on standard proctor test results, the maximum dry unit weight values of the EAF(L) steel slag were in the 16.8-to-20 kN/m(3) range at the optimum moisture contents of 11-13%. The results of the large-scale direct shear tests performed on EAF(L) steel slag, compacted at 95-100% relative compaction and sheared with normal stress ranging from 50 to 300 kPa, showed that it has excellent frictional characteristics, with friction angles between 40 and 45 degrees. Based on the results from this study, due to its shear strength characteristics, EAF(L) steel slag has the potential to be utilized as a geo-material to improve the shear strength of various marginal soils.