18 - Acoustic and mechanical properties of biofibers and their composites
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CitationKoruk, H., Koc, B., & Genc, G. (14 January 2022). Acoustic and mechanical properties of biofibers and their composites. in Rangappa, S.M, Puttegowda, M., Parameswaranpillai, J., Siengchin, S., & Gorbatyuk, G: (Ed.) Advances in Bio-Based Fiber, pp. 407–446. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-824543-9.00033-5
In this study, the acoustic and mechanical properties of many biofibers and their composites are presented. First, the sound absorption coefficients and transmission losses of commonly used natural fibers and their composites are presented, by clearly reporting the thickness of the samples, for three different frequency ranges (<500 Hz: low, 500–2000 Hz: medium, and >2000 Hz: high). In addition, the sound absorption coefficients (for low- and medium-frequency ranges) and noise reduction coefficients of some 40-cm-thick samples are overlaid in order to directly compare their performances. Second, the physical properties, such as the density, diameter, and length of biofibers, and mechanical properties, such as the damping (or loss factor) and Young’s modulus of biofibers and their composites, are presented in detail. For comparison purposes, the acoustic and mechanical properties of some conventional materials, such as carbon and glass fibers, are included in the tables and figures. Finally, the effects of some parameters, such as pretreatment, fiber diameter, fiber/matrix ratio, moisture content, manufacturing and machining parameters/techniques, and measurement conditions/methods, on the acoustic and mechanical properties of natural materials are presented. Furthermore, current applications and potential usage areas of natural fibers are briefly discussed.
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